What is Sports Medicine?

Sports medicine is a specific branch of orthopedic medicine that deals with the treatment and prevention of injuries that may occur as a result of sports or exercise.  Sports medicine specialists treat anyone who may have sustained an injury in the course of physical activity, from professional athletes to youth sports participants to Baton Rouge Ancient Athletes or Weekend Warriors. 

What are Common Athletic Injuries?

Athletic injuries may be the result of overuse or trauma.  They can affect the bone, muscles, ligaments or tendons and are most commonly seen in areas such as the knees, shoulders, ankleships and back.  While there is a wide range of potential sports-related injuries, there are a few that tend to occur more frequently than others.  Those include: 

  • Sprains and Strains – Sprains and strains are degrees of tearing that occur in soft tissue and range from microtears to complete tears.  Immediate symptoms often include pain, swelling, the sound or sensation of a “pop” and loss of stability in the affected area.  Common examples of these include ligament injuries in the knee such as ACL tears or in the ankle such as lateral ligament injuries. 
  • Contusions – Contusions are injuries that cause bleeding under the skin and are more commonly known as bruises. These injuries are most often the result of force or trauma.  While we often think of them affecting the skin, they can occur within deeper tissues as well and may not always be outwardly visible. 
  • Dislocated Joints – Dislocations are another form of acute sports-related injury.  A joint is a place where two bones meet.  These bones are held in place with the help of cartilage, muscle, tendons, and ligaments.  However, when one of these bones shifts out of place, it has become dislocated.  This is a common athletic injury, particularly in contact sports such as football.  The most commonly dislocated are the shoulder, knee cap, and fingers. However other joints such as the hip, knee and ankle can also become dislocated.  
  • Bone Fractures – Fractures are breaks in the bone.  They can occur either due to acute trauma or repeated stress.  Breaks from acute trauma are often complete breaks in which a piece of bone may or may not pierce the skin.  Stress fractures are smaller and are most common in weightbearing areas that absorb impact, such as the feet and legs. 
  • Tendonitis – Tendonitis is inflammation and irritation of a tendon, most often due to repetitive motion.  Common sports-related types of tendinitis include tennis elbow, golfer’s elbow, swimmer’s shoulder, pitcher’s elbow, Achilles tendonitis, and patellar tendonitis 

What are Common Sports Medicine Procedures?

Treatments provided by sports medicine specialists include conservative methods such as bracing, pain management and physical therapy.  However, there are also many surgical procedures that these orthopedic physicians must also utilize.  Frequently performed procedures include: 

  • ACL Repair/Reconstruction – Tears of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are among the most common knee injuries in athletes.  These may occur due to sudden movements such as pivoting or cutting, or following a forceful impact.  In order to reconstruct the torn ligament, the damaged section must replaced with a graft from a tendon in another part of the body or from a cadaver. 
  • Meniscal Repair or Partial Reconstruction – The knee joint contains two, wedge-shaped pieces of cartilage known as meniscus.  These tears may be isolated or occur with another injury such as an ACL tear.  They can be repaired through surgical arthroscopy. 
  • UCL Repair (Tommy John Surgery) – A torn median ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) is common among baseball pitchers and other athletes who must frequently use an overhead throwing motion.  Like an ACL repair, a torn UCL is often repaired using a tendon graft. 
  • Achilles Tendon Repair – The Achilles tendon connects the heel bone to the calf muscles.  It is the largest tendon in the body and supports up to 10 times a person’s body weight when pushing off.  When torn, the Achilles tendon is typically sutured back together, and depending on the degree of the tear, may also be reinforced using a tendon graft. 
  • Rotator Cuff Repair – The rotator cuff is comprised of four muscles and tendons that help support the shoulder joint and facilitate movement.  In a complete tear, surgery typically involves reattaching the tendon to the head of the humerus bone.  For partial tears, a procedure called debridement may be used to smooth or trim the damaged portion. 

 

Move More, Hurt Less.

Athletic injuries are no fun which is why we want to get you back to moving more and hurting less. As leaders in assessing, diagnosing and treating sport related injuries, our team of sports medicine experts will provide a treatment plan centered around you. Take the first step towards moving more and hurting less by scheduling an appointment today.

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Mathew Mazoch, MD

Mathew Mazoch, MD

Sports Medicine


MEET DR. MAZOCH

Gerard Murtagh, MD

Gerard Murtagh, MD

Sport Medicine


MEET DR. MURTAGH

Julie Neumann, MD

Julie Neumann, MD

Sports Medicine


MEET DR. NEUMANN

David Pope, MD

David Pope, MD

Sports Medicine


MEET DR. POPE

Alan Schroeder, MD

Alan Schroeder, MD

Sports Medicine


MEET DR. SCHROEDER

Download the ACL Patient Kit

Injuries of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee are common, particularly among athletes. Learn more about the ACL, the type of injuries it may sustain, who is most at risk, and more in this comprehensive patient kit.

 
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High School Sports Partners

Sports Injury Treatments In Baton Rouge

Our clinic provides an on-call physician to the Emergency Room at Our Lady of the Lake Regional Medical Center and Baton Rouge General Health Center on Bluebonnet 24 hours a day. Additional service is provided through Our Lady of the Lake Urgent Care Clinics. We also treat acute sports injuries promptly in our office during our regular business hours. It is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible after an injury has occurred.

Knee Baton Rouge
Knee Injuries

A slight twist of the knee during practice. An awkward, off-balance landing. Pain, swelling, and immobility. Whether it is cartilage damage, an ACL injury, or a patella dislocation, our sports medicine team can help you make a full recovery.

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Hip Injuries Baton Rouge
Hip Injuries

Hip pain is a common complaint that can be caused by a wide variety of problems. Learn the details about the various types of hip injuries like a hip fracture or broken hip, bursitis, dislocation, labral tear & snapping hip syndrome.

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Shoulder Baton Rouge
Shoulder Injuries

Because the shoulder is one of the body’s most mobile joints, it is susceptible to certain injuries and conditions. Your shoulders can be affected by injuries such as sprains, strains, and a rotator cuff tear. Learn how to treat and prevent shoulder pain & injury.

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Sports Injuries Baton Rouge
Other Injuries

Athletes suffer injuries to body parts other than the knee, hip, and shoulder. Our sports medicine physician diagnose and treat other injuries including ankle sprains and fractures, wrist fractures, achilles tendonitis, stress fractures, and plantar fasciitis.

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