ACL Specialists Baton Rouge



ACL Injury Overview

The anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, is one of 4 major ligaments within the knee joint.  Whereas collateral ligaments are located on the sides of the knee, the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments are found in the middle, behind the kneecap.  The specific function of the ACL is to connect the shin and thigh bones, maintaining their proper placement and promoting knee stability.

knee braceknee injury soccerknee anatomyknee exam

 

Symptoms of ACL Injuries

An injury to the ACL is often readily obvious and identifiable with one or more of the following symptoms:

  • A "pop" that is heard and/or felt upon injury
  • Pain 
  • Swelling 
  • Knee instability
  • Difficulty straightening the knee
ACL patient kit
 

Grades of ACL Injuries

ACL injuries are classified as Grade 1, 2 or 3.  Determining this grade is based on severity and symptoms.  Treatment protocol will also rely heavily on the grade of the injury or tear.

 

 

knee examGrade 1 - The ACL is intact and the knee is stable.  However, the ligament has been mildly damaged with evidence of overstretching and micro-tearing.  Likely treatment includes temporary immobilization and physical therapy.

 

 

knee braceGrade 2 - The ACL is partially torn and the knee is somewhat unstable.  Treatment for grade 2 ACL injuries will also include immobilization and physical therapy.  However, some patients may also require surgical repair.

 

ACL surgeryGrade 3 - There is a complete tear of the ligament and no stability in the knee.  Patients with a grade 3 injury will most likely require surgery followed by an extended rehabilitation period.

 
 
 
 

Types of ACL Surgery

For those patients who do require surgical repair of the ACL, a graft will be used to replace the damaged section of ligament.  This graft will use a section of tendon that can either be taken from the patient (autograft) or a cadaver (allograft).  The most commonly used grafts include:

  • Patellar Tendon Autograft- This tendon (also known as the patellar ligament) connects the tibia (shin bone) to the patella (kneecap).
  • Hamstring Tendon Autograft - The hamstring tendon connects the hamstring muscles at the back of the thigh to the tibia.
  • Quadriceps Tendon Autograft - The quadriceps tendon connects the quadriceps muscles at the front of the thigh to the patella.
  • Allograft (Various Types) - When taken from a cadaver, the graft may be created using the hamstring, patellar, Achilles, posterior tibialis, semitendinosus, or gracilis tendon.

 

ACL Surgeons in Baton Rouge

Jeremy M. Burnham, M.D.

Jeremy M. Burnham, M.D.

Dr. Burnham is a fellowship-trained sports medicine orthopaedic surgeon specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of sports injuries in athletes of all ages and competition levels

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Dr. Mazoch

Mathew J. Mazoch, M.D.

Dr. Mazoch is a Fellowship-trained orthopedic surgeon in arthroscopic surgery and sports medicine.

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Dr. Murtagh

Gerard L. Murtagh, M.D.

Dr. Murtagh is a board-certified orthopedic surgeon with special interest in arthroscopic and minimally invasive surgical reconstruction.

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Dr. Julie Neumann

Julie Neumann, M.D.

Dr. Julie Neumann is a dual fellowship-trained sports medicine and foot & ankle orthopedic surgeon.

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Dr. Pope

David M. Pope, M.D.

Dr. Pope is a board-certified orthopaedic surgeon with a subspecialty interest in knee arthroscopy, sports medicine and knee joint replacement.

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Dr. Schroeder

Alan C. Schroeder, M.D.

Dr. Schroeder is a board-certified orthopedic surgeon with fellowhip training in sports medicine.

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ACL Injury Videos

 

 

 


 

ACL Injury Infographics

 

ACL Surgery Recovery Time


ACL Injury Blogs