Hip replacement is a surgical procedure designed to address pain caused by degenerative factors such as arthritis or injury. By replacing parts of the hip joint with artificial implants, qualified orthopedic surgeons are able to give patients the ability to resume day-to-day activities with less pain and discomfort.
Three Main Types of Hip Replacements
The hip joint is made up of a ball at the top of the femur (also called the thigh bone) and a socket in the pelvis (also called the hip bone). Hip replacement surgery includes replacement of one or both parts with artificial implants constructed of metal, plastic and other durable materials.
The three most commonly-used surgical techniques for hip replacements include:
- Posterior – In a posterior hip replacement, an incision is made along the side of the hip, and muscles are split and released around the hip joint to access the hip. The hip is replaced and muscles are repaired. Hips replaced through a posterior approach can have a longer length of stay in the hospital and higher rate of dislocation. In certain circumstances, this is still the approach of choice.
- Anterior – In anterior hip replacements, an incision is made along the front (anterior) side of the hip. Instead of splitting muscles, the interval between the muscles is used, so no muscles need to be split/released. The hip is replaced, preserving the muscles, and has a lower dislocation rate and possibly shorter length of stay. Most patients go home the day after surgery.
- SuperPath – During a SuperPath hip replacement, relatively small incision is used and hip muscles are minimally disturbed. Most patients have a hospital stay of 24 hours and are able to walk the same day with the use of aids such as crutches. The procedure is followed by a shorter rehabilitation period and because the procedure is done without a surgical hip dislocation, the joint is very stable and hip precautions are generally not necessary.
Hip Replacements in Baton Rouge
If you are suffering from severe arthritis that interferes with your comfort and daily life, hip replacement surgery may be a viable option for you. Your individualized surgical approach will depend on several factors – including your age and activity level, the health of your hip bones and likelihood of future surgery. The Bone and Joint Clinic of Baton Rouge is home to several of the area's leading orthopedic surgeons. To request a consultation, learn more about the procedure, and potentially schedule your own hip replacement, click below to contact our office.